Religion



Your God is a Devouring Fire

Michael Simone
In the ancient Near East, the distinction between the divine realm and the material world was not always clear. In Mesopotamia, statues, kings, and even cultic utensils could become "gods" in their own right. Certain biblical traditions show this idea as well. Yhwh appears as a human during visitations to Abraham and Jacob (Gen 18:1-2 and 32:25-31). Yhwh also can act through objects (Gen 15:17; 1 Sam 5:1-5). This suggests that, in...

Hearing Revelation 1-3

Jerome Neyrey
Recipients of Revelation listened to it, and heard it like other oral performances. Greek recipients knew not only Greek, but conventional ways of rhetorical presentation typical of Greek culture. They knew how works began (with a proemium, but with focus on speaker's ethos). Ethos of speaker was the first proof of persuading, and so audiences knew what one sounded like. They heard Revelation 1 as a continuous presentation, not like scholars pausing to examine each...

Exploring Biblical Kinship

edited by Joan Cecelia Campbell, Patrick J. Hartin
Exploring Biblical Kinship honors John J. Pilch, a long-time member of the Catholic Biblical Association and a founding member of the Context Group. The festschrift, generated by the Social-Science Taskforce of the CBA explores biological and fictive kinship issues reflected in the lives of biblical persons. The essays in Part One deal with how patronage operates in biblical culture. Part Two analyzes family dynamics, commencing...

Good Queen Mothers, Bad Queen Mothers

Ginny Brewer-Boydston
The regnal formulas in 1-2 Kings list the name of the king's mother for Judah, signaling an importance of her position and place within the books' theological presentation. This book investigates the passages in which the king's mother appears outside of the formulas through narrative criticism and integrates that study with a theological discussion of the formulas in order to demonstrate 1-2 Kings' view of the...

The Fallen Angels Traditions

edited by Angela Kim Harkins, Kelley Coblentz Bautch, John C. Endres
This collection presents new research in angelology, giving special attention to the otherworldly beings known as the Watchers who are able to move between heaven and earth. According to the pseudepigraphic Book of the Watchers (1 Enoch 1-36), these angels descend to mate with women. The collection begins by examining Watchers traditions in biblical and non-biblical writings (e.g., Gen 6:1-4, the Qumran...

Divine Anger in the Hebrew Bible

Deena E. Grant
In this book, we explore the aim, expressions and outcomes of God's anger in the Hebrew Bible. We consider divine anger against the backdrop of human anger in order to discern those aspects of it that are recognizably human from those facets of it that are distinctly divine. Furthermore, we examine passages from a range of literary contexts across major biblical collections in order to distinguish those features of divine anger that are elemental to its definition from those that are limited to...

The Temple Administration and the Levites in Chronicles

Yeong Seon Kim
The author explored sections on gatekeepers, treasures and tax collectors from the book of Chronicles in order to examine whether the selected passages can be used as a source to reconstruct the temple administration in the post-exilic period. The author concludes that the Chronicler's description of the temple administration, especially his incorporation of non-priestly cultic personnel among the Levites, must be considered to comprise an argument of an ideal temple...

The Hymns of Saint Luke

Richard J. Dillon
The four canticles of Luke's birth story – the Magnificat, Benedictus, Gloria in excelsis, and Nunc dimittis – are taken to be integral components of the narrative and a sustained lyrical prelude to the author's two-volume historical work. Each composition is analyzed in three steps: proximate context; text; and macrocontext, the last displaying, in each case, a graded contribution to the cumulative preview of Luke's overall argument that the songs constitute. The...

The Semantic Field of Cutting Tools in Biblical Hebrew

Aaron J. Koller
This volume is concerned with field of cutting tools in Biblical Hebrew texts and deals with the interface of philogical, semantic, and archeological evidence.

Celebrating Paul

edited by Peter Spitaler
The significance of the Pauline writings / Joseph A. Fitzmyer — Divisions are necessary (1 Corinthians 11:19) / Jerome Murphy-O'Connor — In search of the historical Paul / James D.G. Dunn — "I rate all things as loss" : Paul's puzzling accounting system : Judaism as loss or the re-evaluation of all things in Christ? / William S. Campbell — Paul and the Jewish tradition : the ideology of the Shema / Mark D. Nanos — Paul,...

In Defense of Divine Justice

Catherine L. Muldoon
This revised doctoral dissertation, a study of the message of the Book of Jonah, consists of five main chapters: an exploration of the problems association with the interpretation of Jonah and the prmises that underlie various approaches to understanding the book's message; an attempt ot date the composition of Johan; and exploration of thematic parallels between Malachi and Jonah; a comparison of the character Jonah with 2 Kgs 14:25; an...

Hebrews

John Paul Heil
J.P. Heil proposes that the letter to the Hebrews was heard by its audience as a cohesive series of 33 microchiastic units coherently arranges in three macrochiastic levels of 11 units each.

The Story Within a Story in Biblical Hebrew Narrative

David A. Bosworth
This book is a revision of a dissertation that studies three texts—Gensis 38; Samuel 25; and Kings 13:11-32+Kgs 12:15-20—in which the author finds examples of the literary device, mise-en-abyme ("placement of the abyss").

Studies in the Greek Bible

edited by Jeremy Corley, Vincent Skemp
Foreword, written by Alexander A. Di Lella appears after "Contents" and a photo of the honoree; then, Introduction, by the editors. The contributions, thirteen in all, are divided into four parts: One: Genesis Creation Traditions; Two: Later Septuagintal Books; Three: New Testament Texts; and Four: Linguistic Studies. Next there is a bibliography of Fr. Gignac; a list of the contributors, with their academic locations; Index of Ancient...

Roman Imperial Ideology and the Gospel of John

Lance Byron Richey
This engaging study reflects the growing interest in the relationship of John's Gospel to the Roman imperial context in which it was composed. It begins and ends with quotations from modern sources that show why the question might be of more than historical interest. The first quotation is from the Barmen Declaration of 1934, in which Christian leaders who resisted the advances of Nazism pointed to the lordship of Christ over the claims of the state. The final quotation is...

Kinship Relations in the Gospel of John

Joan Cecelia Campbell
This monograph examines the relationships between the two "families" of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel. The first family is that of the mother, brothers, and sisters of Jesus; the second is the fictive family of the disciples. Using social-scientific criticism, Campbell proposes that the Gospel depicts a sharp division between these families, that is, between the biological family, the brothers and sisters of Jesus (adelphoi), and the discipleship family that includes the mother of...

New Chapters in the Life of Paul

Gregory Tatum
Gregory Tatum looks at Paul's authentic letters, by recognizing the occasional nature of Paul's correspondence, and by offering a new approach of using rhetoric as opposed to linear theological development. In the final chapter, Tatum relates Acts to this chronological scheme, presents a chronology of the events of Paul's life, and distributes the authentic letters among those events.

The Origins of the West Semitic Alphabet in Egyptian Scripts

Gordon J. Hamilton
Ever since the discovery and limited decipherment of the West Semitic inscriptions from Serebit el-Khadem at the beginning of the twentieth century , the small corpus of so-called Proto-Canaanite and somewhat later Old Canaanite inscriptions has gradually expanded over the intervening years. While the corpus has grown quite slowly, the theories as to the orthographic form, meaning, and chronology of these few records have grown exponentially . The otherwise...

The Lord Has Saved Me

Michael L. Barre
A thorough yet readable examination of the Psalm of Hezekiah. In the generous introduction, Barré begins by stating that this is the first major treatment of the Psalm of Hezekiah since Joachim Begrich's monograph (of sixty-eight pages in length) appeared in 1926 and continues with a brief review of relevant scholarship since Begrich. B.'s purpose is fourfold: to establish the earliest recoverable text; to see the psalm as a work of poetry; to deal with literary...

Intertextual Studies in Ben Sira and Tobit

edited by Jeremy Corley, Vincent Skemp
This volume offers 17 essays on the apocryphal/deuterocanonical books of Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus) and Tobit. Four essays explore Tobit's connections with Genesis (Irene Nowell), Job (Anathea Portier-Young), Psalms (Stephen Ryan), and the New Testament (Vincent Skemp), with a fifth considering the medieval Hebrew and Aramaic Tobit texts (Loren Stuckenbruck and Stuart Weeks). Five further essays examine Ben...

The Disarmament of God

Paul E. Fitzpatrick
This book is divided into six chapters. In the first chapter, "A Review of the Critical Study of Ezekiel 38-39 in the Context of Its Placement in the Book," Fitzpatrick provides an extensive (nearly one-fourth of the book) and well-written review of the literature on Ezekiel, especially noting the appreciation by earlier authors of the place of chaps. 38-39 in the final form of the text. Chapter 2, "The Significance of Myth in Itself and in Ezekiel" (pp. 49-73), is, by...

Stockmen from Tekoa, Sycamores from Sheba

Richard C. Steiner
In this brief but far-ranging book, Steiner addresses key issues concerning the descriptions of Amos's occupations. It features a thorough linguistic analysis of each relevant term or phrase, analyses of the how such professions were carried out, and an examination of the social role and standing of those so engaged. S. convincingly solves the apparent contradiction of Amos's claim to be a "cattleman" (bôqer, 7:14) and his being taken "from behind the...

The Most Magic Word

William L. Moran
This book brings together a valuable collection of 14 previously published essays (and one not published) filled with insight and erudition by William L. Moran. He for many years was the Andrew Mellon Professor of the Humanities at Harvard University. He had studied with W. F. Albright, Benno Landsberger, and Thorkild Jacobson and taught Assyriology at Harvard. They include "The Creation of Man in Atrahasis I 192-249"; "New Evident from Mari on the History of Prophecy";...

The Lord of the East Wind

Aloysius Fitzgerald
Because we biblical scholars tend to work primarily on texts in libraries, offices, studies, and so on, in North America, Europe, and elsewhere, we frequently do not think to ask questions concerning such mundane subjects as the weather in ancient Israel and Judah. Yet the Hebrew Bible makes frequent references to weather, particularly in relation to the portrayals of theophany that come to mind when we try to understand the Bible's descriptions of the manifestations of divine presence in the world. Indeed,...

The Antithesis of the Ages

Stephan K. Davis
Davis seeks to recast the traditional perception of Paul's polarization of the Torah and Christ in terms of an inherent antithesis of history ("this age") and eschatology ("the age to come"). In the early chapters he investigates the role of Wisdom and Torah in biblical and in Second-Temple literature in order to construct a context for interpreting Paul's view of the Torah. In the balance, he applies his conclusions to three Pauline texts understood to express this...

Imagery and Imagination in Biblical Literature

edited by Lawrence Boadt, Mark S. Smith
This festschrift honors Aloysius Fitzgerald, F.S.C. The essays largely reflect the honoree's interests in the poetic and prophetic material of the Hebrew Bible and the ancient Near Eastern context of that material. The volume includes an introduction by Joseph Jensen, O.S.B. (pp. vii-ix) and the following articles: Leslie J, Hoppe, O.ftM., "Vengeance and Forgiveness: The Two Faces of Psalm 79" (pp. 1-22);...

The Structure of 1 Maccabees

David S. Williams
In a careful dissection of 1 Maccabees David Williams finds outlines and organization, a division into segments, repetition of words and phrases, symmetries between parts of the presentation, and major themes that help to tie the work together.

Matthew's Parables

Warren Carter, John Paul Heil
This book presents a comprehensive treatment of all of the parables in the Gospel of Matthew. It discusses the significance of each parable as it is heard within the progression of the narrative. Rather than focusing on the intent of Jesus the parable teller, or of Matthew their redactor, it is concerned with what happens as the authorial audience interacts with the parables.

The Use of Arabic in Biblical Lexicography

John Kaltner
One of the common ways biblical scholars attempt to uncover the sense of Hebrew words with unknown meanings, or to propose new meanings for well-attested words, is through appeal to cognate languages. Among the languages used for such purposes none has been more frequently cited than Arabic. This dissertation studies the methodology employed by Hebraists drawing upon the Arabic sources, points out some of the flaws occasionally found in their work, and suggests ways of avoiding such pitfalls...

Blood and Water

John Paul Heil
This is a helpful narrative-critical study of the Johannine passion and resurrection account. After a brief introduction, Heil shows how scenes in the narrative are arranged in sets, with each scene providing a contrast to the scenes that surround it. These alternating scenes involve the implied reader in an interplay of competing or complementary narrative themes.

Creation Accounts in the Ancient Near East and in the Bible

Richard J. Clifford
The book examines the concept of creation in the ancient Near East, noting four differences from modern conceps: process, result, manner of reporting, and criterion of truth. It next surveys in detail ancient Near Eastern corpora: Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, and "Canaanite" (mostly Ugaritic), giving the relevant ancient text in English translation. The second part of the book, "Creation Accounts in the Bible, looks at texts in Genesis 1-11, the Psalms,...

Speech and Response

John E. Course
This book in a careful examination of the introductions to the speeches in the Book of Job (chapters 4-24) based on rhetorical criticism. The primary interest of this work is in "inter-unit words" which connect various texts in the Book of Job in such a way that they form the basis of a response. The argument of this study (in distinction to a fairly widespread scholarly consensus to the contrary) is that the...

Creation in the Biblical Traditions

Richard J. Clifford, John J. Collins
This book brings together a series of informative essays on the theme of Creation in various Biblical traditions. They include Bernard Batto's "Creation Theology in Genesis"; Robert Di Vito's "The Demarcation of Divine and Human Realms in Genesis 2-11"; Richard Clifford's "Creation in Psalms"; James Crenshaw's "When Form and Content Clash: The Theology of Job 38:1-40:5"; Gale Yee's "The Theology of Creation in Proverbs 8:22-31"; and Michael Kolarcik's "Creation and...

Pslam 119

Will Soli
Will Soli begins his study of Psalm 119 with a quotation in which St. Augustine confesses that when he was writing his commentary on the psalms he "put off the 119th Psalm" not only because of its length, but because "the psalm does not even seem to need an expositor." Soli's study of Psalm 119 illustrates Augustine's further observation that, although so much of the psalm seems to be self-evident, yet there is a depth which is "fathomable by few."

The Dwelling of God

Craig R. Koester
This study focuses on the role of the tabernacle in the earliest Christian sources, those of the NT. The task of this book is to discern what the tabernacle, rather than the temple, meant to early Christians, and why they used tabernacle imagery as they did. The results of this study are intended to contribute to a clearer understanding of a number of important NT texts and to a broader discussion of early Christian...

The Rhetoric of Political Persuasion

Lloyd M. Barre
2 Kings 9-11 which details the events that led to the overthrow of Jehoram, king of Israel, and of Athaliah queen of Judah, is considered to be one of the finest examples of classical Hebrew narrative. This work deals with the text's composition (including the literary relationship of 2 Kgs 11 tro 2 Kgs 9-10), the literary dimensions of the work, and an appreciation of the artistic techniques that the author employed to convey...

The Old Greek Translation of Daniel 7-12

Sharon Pace Jeansonne
Investigates whether differences between the OG translation and the Hebrew/Aramaic parent text of Daniel 7—12 are due to intentional theological Tendenz, as has been predominantly proposed in the past, or to errors or the unintentional cross-linguistic mechanics of translation, or to a combination of these reasons. Our investigation proceeds in five stages.

Biblical Interpretation in the Book of Jubilees

John C. Endres
This study of Jubilees 19-30 (Jacob traditions) focuses on the author's redaction of biblical tradition in Genesis 23-34, especially the additions to and deletions from the tradition. Two questions arise consistently: how did the writer interpret/redact the story, and what did he propose (theological tendencies)? The focal point is how he retold the story in keeping with his vision.

Of Prophets and Kings

Antony F. Campbell
This erudite book presents the evidence for an early document, extending from 1 Sam 1:1 to 2 Kgs 10:28 and deriving from northern prophetic circles toward the end of the ninth century B.C. and identifies the text of this document, without appeal to emendation or dislocation of the present OT text. This book also considers its significance and some of the consequences which derive from it.

Enoch and the Growth of and Apocalyptic Tradition

James C. VanderKam
VanderKam carries further an investigation of the relation between wisdom and apocalypse. He shows that not simply wisdom, but mantic wisdom has informed the authors of 1 Enoch 1-36, 73-107. VanderKam affirms the basic correctness of each researcher but sees in their work shortcomings which his own study seeks to rectify.

Rich and Poor in the Shepherd of Hermas

Carolyn Osiek
The references to social differences in the Shepherd especially in the second Similitude and the tenth Mandate, suggest a social context in which traditional biblical values of attention to the poor are in tension with the behavior of the members of the church community to which the author belongs. Rather than the usual judgement of the Shepherd as a treatise on early penitential discipline, it is in fact a window into the social relationships and...

The Creation of Man

Thomas H. Tobin
This monograph, a revised form of a 1980 Harvard dissertation, is a study of Philo's interpretation of the creation of man in Genesis 1-3, and specifically in 1:27 and 2:7. Tobin approaches this study with two particular questions: (1) what were the exegetical traditions available to Philo and what were Philo's own developments and contributions?; and (2) what was the philosophical milieu of the period in Alexandria and how did this influence both the traditions and their use...

A Septuagint Translation Technique in the Book of Job

Homer Heater
This monograph presents in detail a practice of the Greek translator that goes beyond the matter of style. It is the technique of interpolating material from some other part of the Septuagint, although usually from within Job itself, into the passage with which he is working. This is referred to as "anaphoric translation." This term has been adopted from Greek grammar and refers to the interpolation or adaption of words or phrases from other passages of Scripture where the...

The Beginnings of Christian Philosophy

James Thompson
This monograph, which includes in unchanged or slightly revised form material which has previously appeared in theological journals and elsewhere, defends the thesis that the beginnings of Christian philosophy (represented in the second century by Justin Martyr and Clement of Alexandria) are found in the epistle to the Hebrews. Christian philosophy, in this sense, involves the presentation of Christian teaching in the categories of classical philosophy.

Temple Propaganda

Robert Doran
This work first addresses the unity of 2 Maccabees, arguing that the epitome is a unified piece, separate from the prefixed letters. The author then explores the syntax and style of the epitome, noting rhetorical features and arguing that the work uses a nicety of syntax associated with classical, literary writers. The analysis of the narrative reveals a three-fold structure: a) 2 Maccabees 3 – the attack of Heliodorus; b) 2 Macc 4:1 – 10:9 – the profanation of the temple and...

Melchizedek and Melchiresa

Paul J. Kobelski
The monograph explores the meaning and role of Melchizedek and Melchireša in Judaism of late antiquity. In Part I four texts from Qumran are transcribed from the published photographs and translated: 11QMelchizedek, 4Q'Amramb, 4Qeharot D, and 4QBerakot A. The commentary focuses on establishing the reading of the texts and restorations made on the basis of parallel biblical passages and other writings among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Part II examines the role of the heavenly Melchizedek in the Qumran...

Philo of Biblos

Harold W. Attridge, Robert A. Oden, Jr.
Philo of Byblos in the early Roman imperial period claimed to have translated the work of an ancient author Sanchuniathon who recorded stories of the ancient Canaanite gods, stories that resemble the myths found in Ugaritic sources. This monograph provides an English translation of Philo's Greek text with an introduction and notes.

Pesharim

Maurya P. Horgan
Among the Hebrew documents recovered from the Qumran caves are eighteen texts distinguished by the fact that each is a continuous commentary on or an interpretation of a single biblical book. These texts are called pesharim because each section of interpretation following a biblical citation is introduced by one of several formulas using the word pēšer, "interpretation" (plural: pĕšārîm). The documents that are extant preserve portions of commentaries on the book of Psalms and on the...

Jerome's Commentary on Daniel

Jay Braverman
The book presents for the first time a systematic comparison of Origen's and Jerome's attitudes toward the Biblical text in the Hebrew and Septuagint versions. And toward the canon of the Scriptures and traces the stages in Jerome's abandonment of the primacy of the Septuagint. One of the most important accomplishment of this work is Braverman's discussion of Jerome's commentary on the story of Susanna and the...

The Mysterious Parable

Madeline Boucher
This monograph studies the parable as a literary construct.  It addresses the question why the ancients understood parables as mysterious speech.  The study disputes the binary opposition of (clear) parables and (obscure) allegories.  Defining allegory as an extended metaphor in narratory form, it argues that many parables are allegories.  The parable is defined as narrative in form; tropical in mode of meaning; religious or ethical in genre; and rhetorical in purpose, intended to persuade.

Matthew

Lamar Cope
This book is an inquiry into the possibility and consequences of a controlled investigation of the work of one of the gospel writers. Its primary thrust is methodological because it asks how we can identify the work of the final author/editors with any degree of clarity. This study revolves around the use of the OT by the author of the Gospel of Matthew.

From Canaan to Egypt

George W. Coats
This short learned book orients around the overarching question of context for the Joseph story in Genesis. It focuses specifically on structural and theological context. Its goal is to illumine the unique position of the Joseph story in the Pentateuch, yet to explore whether the story has any firm rootage in Pentateuchal theology that would undergird its position.

The Use of Tôrâ by Isaiah

Joseph Jensen
A careful, scholarly investigation into Isaiah's relationship to the wisdom circles of his day, and a critique of the practitioners of wisdom in their role as advisers in the royal court and as shapers of royal policy. Presents Isaiah's own view on YHWH's plan and action in history. His use of tôrâ is not priestly or legal or for the prophetic word, but means "wise instruction," as in the wisdom tradition. Careful exegesis of Isaiah's use of the passages in which tôrâ...

The Hidden Kingdom

Aloysius M. Ambrozic
The purpose of this study, which is primarily a redaction-critical inquiry, is to examine all of Mark's references to the kingdom and thus to arrive at an understanding of the idea that he has of it. The book is divided into 5 chapters: (1) passages proclaiming the kingdom and its hidden presence, (2) the mysterious activity of the kingdom among men, (3) the ethical demands of the kingdom, (4) the liturgical celebration in...

Studies in Israelite Poetry and Wisdom

Patrick W. Skehan
This is a collection of essays on Israelite Poetry and Wisdom by Patrick Skehan who was Professor of Semitic Languages at CUA and which have appeared in CBQ over a span of years.