Zionism Without Zion
The Jewish Territorial Organization and Its Conflict with the Zionist Organization
Alroey begins by examining the British government's Uganda Plan and the ensuing crisis it caused in the Zionist movement and Jewish society. He details the founding of the Jewish Territorial Organization (ITO) in 1903 and explains the varied reactions that the Territorialist ideology received from Zionists and settlers in Palestine. Alroey also details the diplomatic efforts of Territorialists during their desperate search for a suitable territory, which ultimately never bore fruit. Finally, he attempts to understand the reasons for the ITO's dissolution after the Balfour Declaration, explores the revival of Territorialism with the New Territorialists in the 1930s and 1940s, and describes the similarities and differences between the movement then and its earlier version.
Zionism without Zion sheds new light on the solutions Territorialism proposed to alleviate the hardship of Eastern European Jews at the start of the twentieth century and offers fresh insights into the challenges faced by Zionism in the same era. The thorough discussion of this under-studied ideology will be of considerable interested to scholars of Eastern European history, Jewish history, and Israel studies.
About the Author
"In this pioneering study, Gur Alroey reveals an unknown dimension of modern Jewish politics. Territorialism, which flourished during the first two decades of the twentieth century, was both an antagonist and ally of Zionism, as it strove to obtain a territory other than Palestine in which Jews could enjoy sovereignty, foster Jewish observance, and even develop a thriving Hebraic culture. Based on meticulous research, Zionism Without Zion is an innovative and illuminating work."—Derek J. Penslar, University of Oxford and the University of Toronto
"Gur Alroey's Zionism without Zion profoundly illuminates a long-neglected facet of Jewish history in the modern period. His pioneering research explores the ideology and praxis of the movement to find a territorial home for the distressed Jewish people as an alternative to the Land of Israel: 'a land for a people rather than a people for a land.' Alroey insightfully situates the remarkably tenacious, if ultimately frustrated, Territorialist movement within the context of broader Jewish nationalist aspirations as well as the desperate search for migration outlets to relieve Jewish distress. His narrative sparkles with fascinating revelations of the paradoxical affinity with seminal Zionist ideology, which underlay Territorialism's failed rivalry with the Zionist movement."—Gideon Shimoni, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
"A learned reminder of the urgency once attached to efforts to locate a Jewish national home outside Palestine. Alroey provides a treasure trove of information regarding a movement that saw itself, not entirely without validity, as the true heir to Theodor Herzl's original vision."—Steven J. Zipperstein, Daniel E. Koshland Professor in Jewish Culture and History, Stanford University
"In Zionism without Zion, Gur Alroey, one of today's leading scholars of Jewish migration, offers the fullest and most searching analysis of the Territorialist movement, one of the least-known but most intriguing of Jewish nationalist movements. Exhaustively researched and beautifully conceived, this book unpacks the 'Big Bang' of Territorialism, the 'Uganda' proposal by Theodor Herzl to settle Jews in Eastern Africa in 1903. It moves on to chart the ideological current of Territorialism as it snakes its way through Palestine and other possible sites of Jewish settlement. Readers owe Alroey a considerable debt of gratitude for excavating a largely neglected chapter of twentieth-century Jewish history with such verve and texture."—David N. Myers, Sady and Ludwig Kahn Professor of Jewish History at the University of California, Los Angeles
Other Titles by Gur Alroey
Other Titles in HISTORY / Jewish