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Waterfront Manhattan

From Henry Hudson to the High Line

The waterfront was the key to New York City’s growth and prosperity.

For hundreds of years, the shorefront of Manhattan Island served as the country’s center of trade, shipping, and commerce. With its maritime links across the oceans, along the Atlantic coast, and inland to the Midwest and New England, Manhattan became a global city and home to the world’s busiest port. It was a world of docks, ships, tugboats, and ferries, filled with cargo and freight, a place where millions of immigrants entered the Promised Land.

In Waterfront Manhattan, Kurt C. Schlichting tells the story of the Manhattan waterfront as a struggle between public and private control of New York’s priceless asset. Nature provided New York with a sheltered harbor but presented the city with a challenge: to find the necessary capital to build and expand the maritime infrastructure. From colonial times until after the Civil War, the city ceded control of the waterfront to private interests, excluding the public entirely and sparking a battle between shipping companies, the railroads, and ferries for access to the waterfront.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the City of New York regained control of the waterfront, but a whirlwind of forces beyond the control of either public or private interests—technological change in the form of the shipping container and the jet airplane—devastated the city’s maritime world. The city slowly and painfully recovered. Visionaries reimagined the waterfront, and today the island is almost completely surrounded by parkland, the world of piers and longshoremen gone, replaced by luxury housing and tourist attractions.

Waterfront Manhattan is a wide-ranging history that will dazzle anyone who is fascinated by New York.

About the Author

Kurt C. Schlichting is the E. Gerald Corrigan ’63 Chair in Humanities and Social Sciences at Fairfield University, where he is a professor of sociology. He is the author of Grand Central’s Engineer: William J. Wilgus and the Planning of Modern Manhattan and Grand Central Terminal: Railroads, Engineering, and Architecture in New York City.


"Well researched, engagingly told, and rich in historical, sociological, and economic detail, Waterfront Manhattan represents a new way to look at the ascendancy and growth of America's most important city."

- Ray Bert - Civil Engineering

"In Waterfront Manhattan, Schlichting has woven an impressive narrative which is sure to shed light on this underappreciated aspect of New York City history."

- Erin Becker, Long Island Maritime Museum - Global Maritime History

"This is an important book. There is much to ponder on the future of New York City's harbor, encompassing all five of the city's boroughs and also New Jersey's shoreline."

- Evelyn Gonzalez, William Paterson University - Journal of American History


"This book will command serious and broad attention. A worthy successor to Schlichting's first two books, which made important contributions to the history of New York City and transportation history. I enthusiastically recommend it."

- Clifton Hood, author of In Pursuit of Privilege: A History of New York City's Upper Class and the Making of a Metropolis

"Anyone with an interest in New York City will want to read this book. Schlichting succeeds admirably in describing the evolution of Manhattan's waterfront through the past several centuries—so far as I know there is no published work of such scope and richness. It will also be a valuable addition to courses on urban history, urban planning, and role of civil engineering in changing cities and society."

- Jameson W. Doig, author of Empire on the Hudson: Entrepreneurial Vision and Political Power at the Port of New York Authority

"Waterfront Manhattan is a great book. It explains, better than any other volume I've read, why New York became a great metropolis. Schlichting vividly brings to life the stories of the men and women who made that greatness possible—from international financiers to longshoremen and sailors. It is sure to remain the definitive account of New York's waterfront world for years to come."

- Tyler Anbinder, author of City of Dreams: The 400-Year Epic History of Immigrant New York

"Schlichting’s Waterfront Manhattan deftly weaves myriad historical sources—census rolls, shipping timetables, maps, government reports—into a complex narrative radiating from Manhattan’s shoreline, unfolding across space and time, at scales from local to global. It’s a critical new telling of the city’s frenetic historical geography."

- Matthew Knutzen, The New York Public Library

"An exceptionally important and riveting study of Manhattan and its relations to its waterfront over the years."

- Andrew A. Beveridge, coeditor of New York and Los Angeles: The Uncertain Future

9781421425238 : waterfront-manhattan-schlichting
256 Pages
$24.95 USD
9781421425245 : waterfront-manhattan-schlichting
Electronic book text
256 Pages
$24.95 USD

Other Titles by Kurt C. Schlichting

Grand Central Terminal

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Grand Central's Engineer

Kurt C. Schlichting
Oct 2013 - Johns Hopkins University Press
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