Hardback
April 10, 2015
9789633860526
English
136
30 figures
9.21 Inches (US)
6.26 Inches (US)
.72 Pounds (US)
$58.00 USD, £40.00 GBP
v2.1 Reference
Paperback / softback
March 31, 2024
9786155225987
English
136
30 figures
9.00 Inches (US)
6.00 Inches (US)
0.29 Inches (US)
.43 Pounds (US)
$13.95 USD
v2.1 Reference

Political Justice in Budapest after World War II

In Hungary, which fell under Soviet influence at the end of World War II, those who had participated in the wartime atrocities were tried by so called people's courts. This book analyses this process in an objective, quantitative way, contributing to the present timely discussion on the Hungarian war guilt. The authors apply a special focus on the gender aspect of the trials.

Political justice had a specific nature in Hungary. War criminals began to be brought to trial while fighting was still underway in the western part of the country, well before the Nuremberg trials. Not only crimes committed during the war were tried in the same frame but also post-war ones. As far as the post-war period is concerned, legal proceedings regarding these crimes were most often launched on the basis of Act VII of 1946. This act of law concerned "the criminal law protection of the democratic constitutional order and the republic" and its basic aim was to facilitate the creation of a communist dictatorship and to deal with perceived or real enemies of the regime.

About the Authors

Andrea Pető is Professor in the Department of Gender Studies at Central European University, Vienna Austria and a Doctor of Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. She is teaching courses on European comparative social and gender history, gender and politics, women's movements, qualitative methods, oral history, and the Holocaust.  Ildikó Barna is Associate Professor at Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 

Endorsements

Using very original methods combining case studies and quantitative tools, mixing testimonies and statistics, this outstanding work offers a complete reassessment of the postwar justice in Hungary as well as it provides a stimulating model to analyze others forms of contemporary transitional justice.

—Henry Rousso

Ildikó Barna and Andrea Pető are to be congratulated for demonstrating the potential for court records to provide precious insights on wider sociological and political phenomena and issues. The section on Arrow Cross membership, for example, contributes to the empirical refutation, if it was needed, of simplistic assumptions about the middle class nature of support for fascism in Hungary, and corroborates similar findings about the social basis of other European fascisms.

—Roger Griffin

In their precise quantitative analysis, based on 500 court cases, the two researchers explain the origins, functioning, and social and political composition of the so-called people's courts. In a field sadly lacking comparative studies, the two authors excel in offering a nearly unique overview of what happened in Europe as a whole to those charged with treason, collaboration, war crimes, and crimes against people. The numbers tried and sentences are dizzying but so is the subsequent high rate of amnesties. What distinguishes Hungary is that although the number of Jews killed was enormous, the survivors were numerous enough for their "grievances" to constitute nearly half of the people's court cases. Hence the popular charge, very much alive today, that the people's courts were but an instrument of Jewish revenge. In fact, as the book clearly reveals, Jewish victims of the Holocaust by far not always saw justice served in court.

—István Deák

9789633860526 : political-justice-in-budapest-after-world-war-ii-pet-barna
Hardback
136 Pages
$58.00 USD
9786155225987 : political-justice-in-budapest-after-world-war-ii-pet-barna
Paperback / softback
March 31, 2024
$13.95 USD