Hardback
March 23, 2006
9780801883279
English
248
8 halftones
9.00 Inches (US)
6.00 Inches (US)
1.1 Pounds (US)
1.1 Pounds (US)
$56.00 USD, £41.50 GBP
v2.1 Reference

Pneumonia Before Antibiotics

Therapeutic Evolution and Evaluation in Twentieth-Century America

Pneumonia—Osler's "Captain of the Men of Death" and still the leading infectious cause of death in the United States—has until now received scant attention from historians. In Pneumonia Before Antibiotics, clinician-historian Scott H. Podolsky uses pneumonia's enduring prevalence and its centrality to the medical profession's therapeutic self-identity to examine the evolution of therapeutics in twentieth-century America.

Focusing largely on the treatment of pneumonia in first half of the century with type-specific serotherapy, Podolsky provides insight into the rise and clinical evaluation of therapeutic "specifics," the contested domains of private practice and public health, and-as the treatment of pneumonia made the transition from serotherapy to chemotherapy and antibiotics—the tempo and mode of therapeutic change itself. Type-specific serotherapy, founded on the tenets of applied immunology, justified by controlled clinical trials, and grounded in a novel public ethos, was deemed revolutionary when it emerged to replace supportive therapeutics. With the advent of the even more revolutionary sulfa drugs and antibiotics, pneumonia ceased to be a public health concern and became instead an illness treated in individual patients by individual physicians.

Podolsky describes the new therapeutics and the scientists and practitioners who developed and debated them. He finds that, rather than representing a barren era in anticipation of some unknown transformation to come, the first decades of the twentieth-century shaped the use of, and reliance upon, the therapeutic specific throughout the century and beyond. This intriguing study will interest historians of medicine and science, policymakers, and clinicians alike.

About the Author

Scott H. Podolsky is an internist at Massachusetts General Hospital, professor of global health and social medicine at Harvard Medical School, and the director of the Center for the History of Medicine at the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

Reviews

"With excellently researched, vivid stories of the challenges to knowledge and practice over the course of a century, Podolsky identifies critical developments that have implications for medical practice and public health extending well beyond his study of pneumonia."—Barbara Rosenkrantz, Harvard University

"Podolsky's scholarship is awesome, and his grasp of the philosophical and sociologic context of the issues considered make this an important work."—New England Journal of Medicine

"This thoroughly documented, carefully written book is a landmark analysis . . . It should be read by everyone who is involved in research and therapeutic development."—JAMA

"Run; don't walk, to procure your copy of this marvelous book!"—Roni Grad, Pharmacy in History

"A useful narrative for those with a keen interest in the history of antimicrobial therapy."—Michael Luchi, Journal of the History of Medicine

"The book is full of convincing arguments and very sensitive intuitions. It is useful and worthwhile to draw attention, as Podolsky has, to the neglected period of therapeutic culture change between the Golden Age of Microbiology and the advent of antibiotics."—Christian Bonah, Gesnerus

"Podolsky thus examines a forgotten or unexplored aspect of medical history [and] his study also throws light on the antibiotic revolution itself."—Linda Bryder, Health and History

The Johns Hopkins University Press

9780801883279 : pneumonia-before-antibiotics-podolsky
Hardback
248 Pages
$56.00 USD

Other Titles by Scott H. Podolsky

The Antibiotic Era

Scott H. Podolsky
Jan 2015 - Johns Hopkins University Press
$34.95 USD - Hardback
$34.95 USD - Electronic book text

Other Titles in MEDICAL / History

Healing with Poisons

Yan Liu
Jun 2021 - University of Washington Press
$95.00 USD - Hardback
$30.00 USD - Paperback / softback

Behind the Mirror

Jeanne Simons - as told to and with commentary by Sabine Oishi, PhD - foreword and afterword by James C. Harris, MD
Apr 2021 - Johns Hopkins University Press
$34.95 USD - Paperback / softback
$34.95 USD - Electronic book text

The Narcotic Farm

Nancy D. Campbell, James P. Olsen, JP Olsen, Luke Walden, foreword by Sam Quinones
Mar 2021 - South Limestone, an imprint of University Press of Kentucky
$27.95 USD - Hardback
$27.95 USD - Electronic book text
$27.95 USD - Electronic book text

Other Titles in History of medicine

Behind the Mirror

Jeanne Simons - as told to and with commentary by Sabine Oishi, PhD - foreword and afterword by James C. Harris, MD
Apr 2021 - Johns Hopkins University Press
$34.95 USD - Paperback / softback
$34.95 USD - Electronic book text

Riverblindness in Africa

Bruce Benton - foreword by James D. Wolfensohn
Dec 2020 - Johns Hopkins University Press
$49.95 USD - Hardback
$49.95 USD - Electronic book text

In Search of Sexual Health

Elliott Bowen
Sep 2020 - Johns Hopkins University Press
$49.95 USD - Hardback
$49.95 USD - Electronic book text