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July 24, 2013
9781421408477
English
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v2.1 Reference
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July 24, 2013
9781421408484
9781421408477
English
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6.00 Inches (US)
$58.00 USD, £43.00 GBP
v2.1 Reference

Maternal Megalomania

Julia Domna and the Imperial Politics of Motherhood

Ancient authors emphasize dramatic moments in the life of Julia Domna, wife of Roman emperor Septimius Severus (193–211). They accuse her of ambition unforgivable in a woman, of instigating civil war to place her sons on the throne, and of resorting to incest to maintain her hold on power. In imperial propaganda, however, Julia Domna was honored with unprecedented titles that celebrated her maternity, whether it was in the role of mother to her two sons (both future emperors) or as the metaphorical mother to the empire. Imperial propaganda even equated her to the great mother goddess, Cybele, endowing her with a public prominence well beyond that of earlier imperial women. Her visage could be found gracing everything from state-commissioned art to privately owned ivory dolls.

In Maternal Megalomania, Julie Langford unmasks the maternal titles and honors of Julia Domna as a campaign on the part of the administration to garner support for Severus and his sons. Langford looks to numismatic, literary, and archaeological evidence to reconstruct the propaganda surrounding the empress. She explores how her image was tailored toward different populations, including the military, the Senate, and the people of Rome, and how these populations responded to propaganda about the empress. She employs Julia Domna as a case study to explore the creation of ideology between the emperor and its subjects.

About the Author

Julie Langford is an associate professor of history at the University of South Florida.

Reviews

"Using contemporary and later literary sources and artifacts such as imperial coins and monument inscriptions produced during the Severan dynasty, Langford questions Empress Julia Domna's power and influence in Severan politics."

- Choice

"Provocative and original... Langford's conclusions are daring and... mark out significant new territory in the study of the political culture of the High Empire."

- Adam Kemezis - Bryn Mawr Classical Review

"In just 123 pages, Langford adds a new dimension to the proliferation of texts about Rome's first third-century empress."

- Ryan Ricciardi - New England Classical Journal

Endorsements

"Langford successfully uses an extremely important methodology to illuminate facts about not only what happened but also how events and policies were advertised to the subjects of the Empire. She does an excellent job of presenting Julia Domna as a case study of how this communication worked during a tumultuous time—just as the new Severan dynasty was being founded."

- Brian K. Harvey, Kent State University
Johns Hopkins University Press
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