Paperback / softback
July 15, 2014
9780813153278
English
272
Illus
8.50 Inches (US)
5.50 Inches (US)
1.14 Pounds (US)
$45.00 USD, £21.50 GBP
v2.1 Reference

Government in Science

The U.S. Geological Survey, 1867–1894

From its very inception in 1879 until the twentieth century, the U.S. Geological Survey was embroiled in congressional politics. These early years, Thomas G. Manning shows, heralded the complex relations of contemporary science and government.

Born out of rivalry between several scientific parties, the Geological Survey was founded primarily for the advancement of mining west of the Mississippi. Its scope was soon broadened, however, and the Survey became national in character. The concept of government science was challenged by the conservative Cleveland Democrats, but its proponents succeeded in establishing the Survey as a permanent bureau in 1886.

Manning traces in detail the careers of the Survey's first two directors, Clarence King and John Wesley Powell, and adds new dimensions and interpretations to their public lives. King sought to make the Survey a center for geological theory as well as practical studies. By exceeding the narrow limits of the original appropriations bill, King became vulnerable to the attacks of economy-minded congressmen and was dismissed. Powell proved a more apt political manipulator and his plans for a nationwide topographical map were salable to the public, but his unpopular western land policies almost cost him his position. Near the end of the nineteenth century, under Powell's successor, C. D. Walcott, the Survey was finally able to divorce itself from active politics and its policies were developed in a more fruitful setting.

About the Author

Thomas G. Manning is a professor of history at Texas Technological College.

9780813153278 : government-in-science-manning
Paperback / softback
272 Pages
$45.00 USD

Other Titles in HISTORY / United States / 19th Century

The Assault on Elisha Green

Randolph Paul Runyon
Oct 2021 - University Press of Kentucky
$32.95 USD - Hardback
$34.95 USD - Electronic book text
$34.95 USD - Electronic book text

Brandeis And America

edited by Nelson L. Dawson
Oct 2021 - University Press of Kentucky
$45.00 USD - Paperback / softback
$45.00 USD - Electronic book text

Chicago's White City of 1893

David F. Burg
Oct 2021 - University Press of Kentucky
$45.00 USD - Paperback / softback
$45.00 USD - Electronic book text