October 23, 2015
21 illus.
9.00 Inches (US)
6.00 Inches (US)
1.3 Pounds (US)
$35.00 USD
v2.1 Reference
Paperback / softback
February 22, 2018
21 illus.
9.00 Inches (US)
6.00 Inches (US)
1 Pounds (US)
$24.95 USD
v2.1 Reference

Enduring Conviction

Fred Korematsu and His Quest for Justice

Fred Korematsu's decision to resist F.D.R.'s Executive Order 9066, which provided authority for the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, was initially the case of a young man following his heart: he wanted to remain in California with his white fiancée. However, he quickly came to realize that it was more than just a personal choice; it was a matter of basic human rights.

After refusing to leave for incarceration when ordered, Korematsu was eventually arrested and convicted of a federal crime before being sent to the internment camp at Topaz, Utah.

He appealed his conviction to the Supreme Court, which, in one of the most infamous cases in American legal history, upheld the wartime orders. Forty years later, in the early 1980s, a team of young attorneys resurrected Korematsu's case. This time, Korematsu was victorious, and his conviction was overturned, helping to pave the way for Japanese American redress.

Lorraine Bannai, who was a young attorney on that legal team, combines insider knowledge of the case with extensive archival research, personal letters, and unprecedented access to Korematsu his family, and close friends. She uncovers the inspiring story of a humble, soft-spoken man who fought tirelessly against human rights abuses long after he was exonerated. In 1998, President Bill Clinton awarded Korematsu the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

About the Author

Lorraine K. Bannai is director of the Fred T. Korematsu Center for Law and Equality and professor of lawyering skills at Seattle University School of Law.


"Excellent. . . . In Enduring Conviction, [Lorraine Bannai] skillfully weaves the story of the landmark court case with Fred's personal journey. . . . Her elegant telling of the story of the incarceration and Fred Korematsu's fight against it could not be more timely. . . . Hopefully, the inspiration provided by Fred Korematsu may be an even more enduring response to injustice."—Elaine Elinson, Los Angeles Review of Books

"Enduring Conviction shows how politics and racial prejudice can conspire to trample the civil rights of an entire racial group during a time of war, based on fabricated claims of military necessity. . . . Bannai's volume is a worthwhile read for those interested in learning about some of the worst events and court rulings in American history, and serves as a reminder that the constitutional rights of American citizens should also be safeguarded during times of war, and in the darkest times of American history."—Harvey Gee, Asian American Policy Review


"Wonderful! A moving portrait of a seemingly ordinary man, motivated by love, whose passionate resistance transformed him into Fred Korematsu - an icon of the Japanese American Redress movement, and a true defender of American liberties."—Lane Hirabayashi, coauthor of A Principled Stand: The Story of Hirabayashi v. United States

"A remarkable story of a man who stood up and spoke out in the same tradition of others in this country who have spoken out against oppression and discrimination. This is what makes America strong – people who have faith in our ideals and who have the guts to stand up for them. Fred Korematsu was an ordinary man who did extraordinary deeds, and with that he made history."—George Takei, actor and activist

"Enduring Conviction brilliantly tells the story of an ordinary American with extraordinary courage. Lorraine Bannai has given us the best biography of a litigant in a famous - and infamous - Supreme Court case that has yet been written."—Peter Irons, author of Justices at War: The Story of the Japanese American Cases

"Bannai unravels, like an engaging novel, the story of Fred Korematsu, the wrongs he endured, and the fortitude he demonstrated. A quiet and modest citizen who thought he'd lost his country, Korematsu and his courage give hope to the rest of us – that we too can stand up to right injustice."—Linda Tamura, author of Nisei Soldiers Break Their Silence

"Lorraine Bannai had a frontline position in the struggle for Japanese American inclusion, and her telling of one man's story is so much more than that. She shows that in times of crisis, the appeal of authoritarian, scapegoating rhetoric is a menace to democracy. The Korematsu story is about fighting back against fear and hate, thereby holding our nation to its highest ideals."—Mari Matsuda, author of Where is Your Body?: Essays on Race, Gender and the Law

9780295742816 : enduring-conviction-bannai
Paperback / softback
312 Pages
$24.95 USD
9780295995151 : enduring-conviction-bannai
312 Pages
$35.00 USD

Other Titles from Scott and Laurie Oki Series in Asian American Studies

John Okada

edited by Frank Abe, Greg Robinson, Floyd Cheung
Jul 2018 - University of Washington Press
$29.95 USD - Paperback / softback
$99.00 USD - Hardback

Asians in Colorado

William Wei
Mar 2018 - University of Washington Press
$30.00 USD - Paperback / softback
$50.00 USD - Hardback

The Hope of Another Spring

Barbara Johns, foreword by Roger Daniels, introduction by Sandy Kita
Apr 2017 - University of Washington Press
$39.95 USD - Hardback

Other Titles in SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / American / Asian American Studies

George Tsutakawa

David F. Martin
Nov 2022 - Cascadia Art Museum
$29.95 USD - Hardback

Seattle from the Margins

Megan Asaka
Sep 2022 - University of Washington Press
$29.95 USD - Hardback
$24.95 USD - Paperback / softback

Picture Bride

Yoshiko Uchida, foreword by Elena Tajima Creef
Sep 2022 - University of Washington Press
$19.95 USD - Paperback / softback