Commentary on the Twelve Prophets
Does Theodore deserve either or both of these extreme assessments? Why did his adversaries allow this one work to survive the flames untouched? Is it because, as has been said in facile repetition, "it contains nothing of Christological import"? The truth emerging from a reading of the Commentary is that both views are wide of the mark. Theodore does not entertain a Christological interpretation of verse after verse in the manner of his Alexandrian contemporary Didymus, but he situates these twelve prophetic figures from the eighth to the sixth century of Israel's history within an overall Christological perspective. True to his school's accent on historia, however, he prefers to look for a factual basis to their prophecy (a problem in the case of Jonah), is less sensitive to the moving imagery of a Hosea or a Micah than modern readers would appreciate, and is unfamiliar with the genre of apocalyptic, which appears especially in Joel and Zechariah. Theodoret of Cyrus in the decades after Theodore's death had his works open before him as he commented on prophets, just as modern commentators will also appreciate his work.
About the Authors
"The translation is clear, readable, and, if spot checks can be presumed typical, accurate. Hill also provides an extended introduction that provides, on the whole, balanced and insightful comments that profit one's evaluation of Theodore's and the general Antiochene approach to biblical interpretation... [T]his is a valuable work for libraries and for interested patristic and Scripture scholars. It enlarges our knowledge of how a leading Antiochene biblical scholar of the late fourth and early fifth centuries interpreted Scripture."—Journal of Early Christian Studies
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