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February 24, 2019
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v2.1 Reference

Aquinas on Emotion's Participation in Reason

Aquinas on Emotion's Participation in Reason aims to present Aquinas's answer to the perennial and now popular question: In what way can the emotions be rational? For Aquinas, the starting point of this inquiry is Aristotle's claim (EN. I. 13) that there are three parts to the soul: 1) the rational part, 2) the non-rational part which can participate in reason, and 3) the non-rational part that does not participate in reason. It is the extent to which the second part (the sense appetites, the seat of the emotions) participates in reason that the emotions can become rational. However, immediately after Aristotle introduces his tripartite division of the soul, he warns that one need not delve into the details of the division or the participation. Aquinas, however, ignores Aristotle, and uses his precise metaphysics of participation within in his sophisticated anthropology to great effect in his ethics. Unlike Aristotle, to fully understand Aquinas's thinking on how the emotions can become rational, we simply must delve into the kinds of precisions that Aristotle thinks are misplaced. When Aquinas's views emerge from these precisions, he has a surprisingly level-headed and commonsense view of how the emotions can become rational. On this point, he is more pessimistic than Aristotle and more optimistic than Kant; he is certainly not, as is he is often thought to be, the faithful follower of Aristotle and the polar opposite of Kant. Nicholas Kahm argue that Aquinas has a realistic and plausible view of how far reason can go in shaping our emotions. Furthermore, his plausible views can accommodate the serious current challenge raised against virtue ethics from social psychology. The method has mainly been a careful reading of primary texts, but unlike the rest of the scholarship on Aquinas's ethics, Kahm is particularly sensitive to Aquinas's historical and philosophical development.

About the Author

Nicholas Kahm is Henry G. Fairbanks Visiting Scholar in Residence at St. Michael's College, VT.

Review

"Nicholas Kahm makes a convincing case for his novel and important interpretation. He marshals the primary text masterfully in support of his thesis and engages very effectively and convincingly with the secondary literature . . .Aquinas on Emotion's Participation in Reason is an important and original contribution to the study of Thomas's virtue ethics and philosophical psychology."—Giuseppe Butera, Providence College

"Aquinas on Emotion's Participation in Reason puts forward a well-argued interpretation of Aquinas's metaphysics of the soul and a valuable investigation of his view of the participation of the sense appetites in reason. Nicholas Kahm has crafted a learned and convincing new analysis of the meaning of the participation in reason in Aquinas moral psychology"—Simo Knuuttila, University of Helsinki

9780813231570 : aquinas-on-emotions-participation-in-reason-kahm
Hardback
336 Pages
$75.00 USD

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