January 29, 2019
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v2.1 Reference

Analogy after Aquinas

Logical Problems, Thomistic Answers

Since the first decade of the 14th Century, Thomas Aquinas's disciples have struggled to explain and defend his doctrine of analogy. Analogy after Aquinas: Logical Problems, Thomistic Answers relates a history of prominent Medieval and Renaissance Thomists' efforts to solve three distinct but interrelated problems arising from their reading both of Aquinas's own texts on analogy, and from John Duns Scotus's arguments against analogy and in favor of univocity in Metaphysics and Natural Theology. The first of these three problems concerns Aquinas's at least apparently disparate statements on whether a name is said by analogy through a single concept or through diverse concepts. The second problem concerns the model of analogy suited for predicating names analogously across the categories of being or about God and creatures. Is "being" said analogously about God and creatures, or substance and accidents, on the model of how "healthy" is said of medicine and an animal, or on the model of how "principle" is said of a point and a line? The third problem comes from outside challenges to Aquinas's thought, in particular Scotus' claims that univocal names alone can mediate valid demonstrations, and any demonstration that failed to use its mediating terms univocally would fail by the fallacy of equivocation. Analogy after Aquinas makes a unique contribution to the study of philosophical theology in the tradition of Thomas Aquinas by showing the historical and philosophical connection between these three problems, as well as the variety of solutions proposed by leading representatives of this tradition. Thomists considered in the book include: Hervaeus Natalis (1250-1323), Thomas Sutton (1250-1315), John Capreolus (1380-1444), Dominic of Flanders (1425-1479), Paul Soncinas (d. 1494), Thomas dio vio Cajetan (1469-1534), Francis Silvestri of Ferrara (1474-1528), and Chrysostom Javelli (1470-1538).

About the Author

Domenic D'Ettore is assistant professor of philosophy at Marian University, IN.


"Textually rich and philosophically astute, contributing significantly to discussions of analogical predication and of histories of Thomism. D'Ettore's identification of three problems frames well the comparisons between Thomists and clarifies the philosophical and theological stakes."—Corey Barnes, Oberlin College

"It is well known that analogy played a crucial role in the metaphysics and theology of Aquinas. But until recently, relatively little attention has been paid to the explorations and arguments, more in logic and epistemology, that preoccupied St. Thomas's later medieval Dominican successors. Analogy after Aquinas offers a thorough study of seven important thinkers who grappled with various questions left unresolved, and even unformulated, in Aquinas's own writing about analogy. This book will be a lasting resource for Thomists and historians of philosophy, will inspire new evaluations of Aquinas and his legacy, and should help renew contemporary discussions about the formation and use of concepts."—Joshua P. Hochschild, Mount St. Mary's University

"Thomas Aquinas's account of analogy is a distinctive part of his own philosophy and a touchstone of the later Thomistic school. Nevertheless, Thomas's texts on the topic are somewhat indistinct and confusing even to scholars. Domenic D'Ettore's book is now the central reference for medieval and renaissance Thomistic accounts of analogy. It clarifies essential metaphysical and logical issues in scholastic philosophy that have enduring philosophical importance. It needs to be read by every historian of medieval philosophy and every Thomist."—Thomas M. Osborne, author of Human Action in Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham

"Aquinas bequeathed his Dominican disciples a distinctive but incomplete and even enigmatic account of analogy. Domenic D'Ettore traces and meticulously analyzes the efforts made by the leading protagonists of the Thomistic school up to the mid-sixteenth century to construe Aquinas's doctrine as well as to respond to the forceful objections proposed by alternative scholastic traditions, in the first place Scotism. In this valuable contribution to the history of the Thomistic school, D'Ettore argues successfully that these three issues, as well as the often divergent resolutions proposed, were closely interdependent."—Michael Tavuzzi, OP, Professor Emeritus, Pontifical University of St. Thomas, Rome

9780813231228 : analogy-after-aquinas-dettore
224 Pages
$65.00 USD

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