Hardback
June 12, 2019
9789633863091
English
480
9.21 Inches (US)
6.26 Inches (US)
1.7 Pounds (US)
$105.00 USD
v2.1 Reference
Paperback / softback
June 12, 2019
9789633863183
English
480
9.02 Inches (US)
6.10 Inches (US)
1.45 Pounds (US)
$35.00 USD
v2.1 Reference

Alternatives to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe

Collectivist Visions of Modernity

Alternatives to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe examines the historical examples of Soviet Communism, Italian Fascism, German Nazism, and Spanish Anarchism, suggesting that, in spite of their differences, they had some key features in common, in particular their shared hostility to individualism, representative government, laissez faire capitalism, and the decadence they associated with modern culture. But rather than seeking to return to earlier ways of working these movements and regimes sought to design a new future – an alternative future – that would restore the nation to spiritual and political health. The Fascists, for their part, specifically promoted palingenesis, which is to say the spiritual rebirth of the nation. 

The book closes with a long epilogue, in which Ramet defends liberal democracy, highlighting its strengths and advantages. In this chapter, the author identifies five key choke points, which would-be authoritarians typically seek to control, subvert, or instrumentalize: electoral rules, the judiciary, the media, hate speech, and surveillance, and looks at the cases of Viktor Orbán's Hungary, Jarosław Kaczyński's Poland, and Donald Trump's United States.

Reviews

"This is a timely moment to step back from the presentation of contemporary politics and take a historical approach to past challenges to liberal democracy in the twentieth century, which is precisely what Sabrina P. Ramet does in this eloquently written history of alternatives to democracy. She identifies four principal rival visions to that of liberal democracy: German National Socialism, Italian Fascism, Soviet Communism, and Spanish Anarcho-Syndicalism. Ramet's book is an extremely learned and interesting book that will be read with great benefit by anyone interested in the intellectual history of liberal democracy and its adversaries."—Politics, Religion & Ideology

"Alternatives to Democracy is at its core a transnational work of comparative twentieth-century history philosophically rooted in the immediate contexts of the late 2000s and the 2010s. The ideas underpinning the central thesis of this book are thus explored through two interconnected analyses. The first, comprising most of the book's content, identifies and deconstructs four forms of collectivist ideology that dominated the political landscape of twentieth-century Europe: Soviet communism, Italian and German fascism, and the more incongruous choice of interwar Spanish anarchism. Despite widely differing socioeconomic objectives and geopolitical aspirations (or lack thereof), each of these ideological movements positioned itself as a distinct alternative to liberal democracy, defined by Ramet as a political commitment to 'the rule of law, individual rights, toleration, respect for the harm principle, basic human equality, and the neutrality of state in matters of religion'. In the context of the early twentieth century however, collectivist alternatives to liberal democracy were able to command widespread support within the countries in which their adherents came to power, granting them a mandate for reshaping society to better reflect their core 'moral values': fundamental goods 'such as freedom, equality, or human rights or, in the case of the Nazis, the rights of race'. Alternatives to Democracy follows Ramet's quintessential style in terms of both its scope and ambition. This latest offering represents a fresh interpretation of modernity's competing political visions."—Europe-Asia Studies

9789633863091 : alternatives-to-democracy-in-twentieth-century-europe-ramet
Hardback
480 Pages
$105.00 USD
9789633863183 : alternatives-to-democracy-in-twentieth-century-europe-ramet
Paperback / softback
480 Pages
$35.00 USD

Other Titles by Sabrina P. Ramet

Civic and Uncivic Values in Poland

edited by Sabrina P. Ramet, Kristen Ringdal, Katarzyna Dośpiał-Borysiak
Jul 2019 - Central European University Press
$95.00 USD - Hardback

Serbia Since 1989

edited by Sabrina P. Ramet
Jul 2015 - University of Washington Press
$95.00 USD - Hardback

Civic and Uncivic Values in Kosovo

edited by Sabrina P. Ramet, Albert Simkus, Ola Listhaug
Feb 2015 - Central European University Press
$105.00 USD - Hardback
$35.00 USD - Paperback / softback

Other Titles in POLITICAL SCIENCE / Comparative Politics

One Hundred Years of Communist Experiments

edited by Vladimir Tismaneanu, Jordan Luber
Apr 2021 - Central European University Press, an imprint of Central European University Press
$85.00 USD - Hardback

Challenges to Chinese Foreign Policy

edited by Yufan Hao, C.X. George Wei, Lowell Dittmer, with contributions byZhang Baijia, Jianwei Wang, Jia Quingguo, Baohui Zhang, Xinning Song, Quansheng Zhao, Shi Yinhong, Du Youkang, Zhidong Hao, Ting Wai, Suisheng Zhao, Shen Zhihua,...
Mar 2021 - University Press of Kentucky
$80.00 USD - Hardback
$36.95 USD - Paperback / softback
$36.95 USD - Electronic book text

The Anatomy of Post-Communist Regimes

Bálint Magyar, Bálint Madlovics
Feb 2021 - Central European University Press
$125.00 USD - Hardback
$49.99 USD - Paperback / softback

Other Titles in Political ideologies

Underground Streams

edited by János M. Rainer
Dec 2021 - Central European University Press
$75.00 USD - Hardback

Our Man in Warszawa

Jo Harper
Mar 2021 - Central European University Press, an imprint of Central European University Press
$24.95 USD - Paperback / softback

Ideological Storms

edited by Vladimir Tismaneanu, Bogdan C. Iacob
Jun 2019 - Central European University Press
$115.00 USD - Hardback